== means shallow comparison

jabber (jabber)
In Java, one should exactly distingish Objects and their references. Take the following as an example:

Animal a = new Bird();

This means 3 steps: 1) Declare a variable with a type of Animal; 2) Create a Bird (Animal) according to the shape of a bird, using key word "new"; 3) Assign this Bird(Animal) to variable a. "a" is a kind of reference.

In Java, to judge where two Object references point to the same Objects or not,
we use the operator ==. This is called "shallow comparison".

Now on your issue. You created 2 Strings. However, your assignment is wrong. You did not follow the following rule: Assign an Object to an Object reference.

You created two Strings. They are not assigned to Object references. They are called "orphan Objects" because nobody can access them.
2001-1-2 -04:00
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