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I agree with the author on that the social systems are too much different between the countries. The most significant part of Chinese society is its bureaucratic hierarchy system (官本位). Higher rank officials will expect more respect from lower class people. And they are entitled not to do lower class jobs to be distinguished. Nowadays money changed things in some sense. More and more persons will judge people by money, not by what they are doing. Subconsciously, people still like to be mentioned by the official title, the same tradition as the noble families in European countries.
At the first look, there are more titles and names for different positions in North American countries. Intrinsically, the responsibilities are more interlaced and personal relationship is relatively equal. On management level, there are (department) director, (project, product, test, hardware, help desk, etc) manager, architects, team lead, senior persons in charge of schedule, resource, risks in different scope. Any person can delegate others to take the responsibility temporarily. The developers also have the responsibilities to bring things up if anything not meet. On the technical parts, all kinds of persons should understand the projects with the same language (not only the natural language). Architects will make the system level design, and team leads should participate the design team. Managers should be aware of the design quality and approve it. Developers need to understand the design and put it into real codes. However, they are encouraged to rebut anything they do not agree.
But the boundaries are clear, besides internal arrangement, a manager will be definitely responsible to satisfy the clients. Don’t forget that it is an American who said that “85% personal relationship, 15% technical stuff, to be successful” (please post it if anyone come across the original wording). To be successful on a manager position, a fluent language is only the very basic requirement. Most of the time, you need to be able to “small talk” with your clients. Then you can become the same party with them. Otherwise they can admit your technical ability, but they will feel strange about you and will not give you credit on any other things. Do you expect people to make deal with you when they still feel uncertain about you?
Back to the topic, it will be really hard to categorize the jobs people have done in China. I used to advise my clients to whom I review their resume and interview guidance that: first find the job position you are looking for, then fit your experience and hence titles accordingly. The precondition is that you must understand and feel comfortable for the position. Do not write or tell anything you are not sure. And don’t put too much unrelated stuff no matter how glorious it has been.
Tell the truth, only truth, but truth. True. However, fit into the native system. And I will say, it is OK not to tell the complete truth. Otherwise it will be too confusing.
Thanks for your attention.
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