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Many people change their wills on their own every few years, in response to significant changes in their personal or financial circumstances. This practice can create a problem for the executor when these people are careless and do not date their wills: the executor will then often know neither which one of several undated wills is the most recent, nor whether the will drawn up last has ever been found. Therefore, people should not only date their wills but also state in any new will which will it supersedes, for then there would not be a problem to begin with.
The reasoning in this argument is flawed because the argument:
(A) treats a partial solution to the stated problem as though it were a complete solution
(B) fails to distinguish between prevention of a problem and successful containment of the adverse effects that the problem might cause
(C) proposes a solution to the stated problem that does not actually solve the problem but merely makes someone else responsible for solving the problem
(D) claims that a certain action would be a change for the better without explicitly considering what negative consequences the action might have
(E) proposes that a certain action be based on information that would be unavailable at the time proposed for that action
The proper way to plan a scientific project is first to decide its goal and then to plan the best way to accomplish that goal. The United States space station project does not conform to this ideal. When the Cold War ended, the project lost its original purpose, so another purpose was quickly grafted onto the project, that of conducting limited-gravity experiments, even though such experiments can be done in an alternative way. It is, therefore, abundantly clear that the space station should not be built.
The reasoning in the argument is flawed because the argument
(A) attacks the proponents of a claim rather than arguing against the claim itself
(B) presupposes what it sets out to prove
(C) faults planners for not foreseeing a certain event, when in fact that event was not foreseeable
(D) contains statement that lead to a self-contradiction
(E) concludes that a shortcoming is fatal, having produced evidence only of the existence of that shortcoming
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