面试问题参考(加拿大技术移民)

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面试中虽然移民官可能会叫您写一篇文章,看一篇英文短文,测试特别技能(如电脑编程员的编程,秘书的打字),但主要的还是提问。移民面试成功的关键是问题的回答。怎样才能把问题答好?答好问题的关键在于预先准备问题解答。一个具体的问题应该从那几个方面回答?怎样举例说明?开头讲什么?结尾讲什么?哪些东西要讲?哪些东西要回避?

回答问题一定要基于本人的情况和加拿大的标准。加拿大的标准很多是不同于中国的。最好是请一个有加拿大工作经验的人为您做好有关问题。这非常重要,因为一句话可以成事,也可以败事。


Why do you want to go to Canada?
What do you know about Canada?
How do you think Canadian economy?
You know Canada has one of the best social welfare systems/health systems in the world. How
do you
think of it?
What particular things do you like in Canada?
Why do you want to leave China?
How do you think the experience you have in China?
Do you go to Canada because you are not successful in China?
Where are you going to settle (or live) in Canada?
What do you know about Vancouver, the place you’re going to live?
Tell me anything you know about Vancouver?
Why would you like to settle in Vancouver?
Tell me any other cities you know in Canada.
Have you heard anything about Canada in Chinese media recently?
What’s your impression on Vancouver (Canada)?
What do you think about Canadian political system?>>>主目录
Have you been to Canada (any other countries besides Thailand)?
What is the biggest city in Canada?
Who is the premier of Canada?
Who don't you go to USA?
How many people are there in your family?
Why do you leave your spouse/child/parents behind?
Did your parent agree with you on immigration?
Does your spouse have any plan when she accompanies you to Canada?
Why don’t you bring your child with you to Canada?
What kind of QUALIFICATION did you get?.
What university did you graduate?
Is your University famous?
Tell me something about your university?
What’s your major?
Since you have graduated from the university for more than 10 years, how can you catch up
the
fast-growing world?
What have you learnt in your university?
Have the course you studied in the university helped you?
Did you get any award in the university?
How long have you studied English?
Can you speak any other language?
Do you have any other languages or skills, which might assist you to find a job in Canada?
Do you have to speak English, write English in your working environment?
How often do you use English?
Can you operate the computer?
What do you know about internet?
Have you received any professional training?
Have you received any on-site job training?
You studied Physics (or other field), why do you apply as a computer programmer?
Do you have any professional license/certificate?
How did the training help you in your present career?
In what company are you working at present?
Can you tell me something about your company?
How many employees are there in your companies?
Tell me the detail of your colleagues’ job titles?
How long have you been working in the company?
How long have you been working in this firm since your graduation?
How long have you been in the position?
Who do you report your work to?
What is the position in your company?
How many staffs do you supervise?
What’s the main business of your company? Name of general manager?>
What have you done in your work?
What are your responsibilities?
What are your achievements?
Tell me one of your biggest achievements?
Why did you work in the same company for so long?
Do you know any company in Canada, which offers the same service as your company?
What’s your routine work?
Do you have a reference letter from the present employer?
After you land in Canada, what sort of job you plan to look for and how long you believe will
take you
before you can successfully get a job offer?
Why do you think you can be successful in Canada, while many other immigrants have failed in
their
career?
Why do you think you can live and be successful in Canada at your age?
HOW CAN YOU FIND A JOB IN CANADA?
If I approve your application, do you think you will have any problems to adapt the new living
style in
Canada? If no, tell me why you have confidence to adapt to the new environment?
What plans have you made to live in Canada?
How can you survive in Canada?
What are you going to do if you cannot find a job in Canada? How will your friends help you?
What will be the first important thing you are going to do after arrival in Canada?
What’s your Career OBJECTIVE?
You know a lot of Hong Kong people have come back from Canada, how do you think about it?
Can you tell me something about your career?
Why are you certain that you can be qualified as a successful immigrant?
Do you have any idea about the job market in your occupation in Canada?
Have you done any research about job opportunities in Canada?
Do you know anything about the present employment situation in Canada?
Do you have any relatives or friends in Canada who could assist you?
What are your relatives (friends) doing in Canada?
What are you going to do if you have no money and nobody is willing to help you?
Do you have enough money to support yourself and your family if you can’t find a job
immediately?
How much transferable funds and other personal assets do you have? Do you have a summary
of your
assets?

移民官提问的目的

上面已说过移民面试要评估职业,英文和个人适应能力。而这些评估主要是通过回答问题进行的。移民官提问都有一定的目的。例如,移民官可能会问您公司总经理的名字,为什么问这个问题?因为移民官想看看您对公司熟不熟悉。如果您连上司的名字都讲不出来,那他/她肯定会对您的这段工作经历产生怀疑。


有些问题是针对具体专业的。例如,如果您申请财务投资分析员,那就应该知道一些投资分析的方法。移民官肯定会问您有关股票的问题。您如果答不来或回答不懂股票,那移民官对您作为投资分析员的能力就会有怀疑。虽然您在中国一直是做投资分析的,您可以说明中国的股票市场还没有加拿大那么发达,但请注意,您的有关能力和经验是应该马上可以适用于加拿大的。您不懂股票,可能就难以在加拿大做投资分析,您的移民申请就有可能被拒绝。


对付移民官的策略

一般人都以为面试时,申请人只有被动挨问的处境。事实上,您还是有很多选择的。当然,您不可能让移民官成为被测试对象,但您可把移民官的问话引到您熟悉的范围。特别是如果您觉得自己已没有什么机会时,您就要采取一些非常措施,力挽狂澜。下面是一些有用的计策。注意,您一定要按照您自己的情况及面试的进展来灵活运用有关计策。方法运用不当,反而会弄巧成拙。作者的好几个学生都成功地运用下面的面试技巧。


移民官都是经过职业培训的专门人士,素质高,知识面广,阅历丰富,分析判断能力强,善于观颜察色。负责任的移民官都会尽可能地全面地评估您。有时候会设计一些TRICKY(需要技巧的)问题,回答问题要小心。虽然不致于象下棋那样一步出错,满盘皆输,但如果移民官本来对您的申请就有保留意见,这时候的问题回答就很重要。即使一般性的问题,答得不好,也会使自己陷入不利的境地。例如,有个申请者曾有过申请美国学生签证被拒的记录,下面是问话的片段:


Officer: Did you ever try to get a visa from any other country?
Applicant: Yes, I did.
Officer: Which country?
Applicant: USA.
Officer: Tell me the result.
Applicant: I didn’t get the visa.
Officer: Why?
Applicant: They said I had the immigration tendency.
Officer: So you like to go to USA.
Applicant: Yes.
Officer: Why do you like to go to USA
Applicant: Because USA is advanced.
Officer: For USA and Canada, which one is more advanced?
Applicant: USA, I think.(只能答USA)
Officer: So, you will go to USA?
Applicant: Yes, I think so.(如果您说NO,一是要说明原因;而是与上面的回答自相矛盾)

从对话来看,申请人是非常诚实的,答得也很流利,但从此对话可以看出,申请人并不是真心想在加拿大安家立业,他很可能想用加拿大做跳板。另外,一般相邻两个国家的关系并不怎么好。看起来,加拿大和美国关系很好,我们中国人看不出加拿大和美国有什么不同,但很多加拿大人并不喜欢美国人,尤其不喜欢把美国和加拿大连在一起。如果移民官也是持这种意见的话,那对您通过面试是不对的。


这样的问题能避开就最好了。不能避开就不要机械被动地回答移民官的问题。下面的回答就比较主动。

Officer: Did you ever try to get a visa from any other country?
Applicant: Yes, I did.
Officer: Which country?
Applicant: USA.
Officer: Tell me the result.
Applicant: I didn’t get the visa.
Officer: Why?
Applicant: They said I had the immigration tendency.
Officer: So you like to go to USA.
Applicant: I did, because I didn’t know much about Canada at that time, but now, I ONLY
want to go
to Canada.
Officer: (Why don’t you like USA any more?)
Applicant: (USA is like the world police. I like Canada better)

但按以下回答则效果更好:

Officer: Did you ever try to get a visa from any other country? Applicant: Yes, I did. Officer:
Tell me the
result.

您要采取主动

上节的例子已充分说明了采取主动的重要性。虽然您不好要求移民官提什么样的问题,但您可以引导他,让他问您很熟悉的问题。这就是说,回答问题时,不仅仅答好那一个具体的问题,还要为回答好下一个问题作准备。上面的例子就充分地证明了这一点。下面再举一个实例(申请人是地质工程师):


Officer: Tell me why do you want to leave China.
Applicant: Because I didn’t like my boss.
Officer: What’s wrong with your boss.
Applicant: He did bad (things).
Officer: Tell me in detail.
Applicant: (hesitating)He’s bad.
Officer: How bad?
Applicant: He ---(hesitating),I forgot the English word. He--.
Officer: O.K. you don’t like the system of your company.
Applicant: Yes, too much ---bad thing.
Officer: You mean something like corruption?
Applicant: Yes, yes.
Officer: I read from the newspaper that corruption is a widespread problem in China. How do
you think
of it?
Applicant: Yes, but ---(hesitating for long time)ah, ah. I don’t know how to say it.
Officer: OK, you have a major problem in English. If you can’t provide other evidence, your
application will be rejected.

虽然最后这个人最后通过了面试,但他差一点在这里栽了跟头。一个很简单的问题,开始就答错了,没有考虑到回答的后果,以至把自己逼上了死胡同。这主要是面试前没有准备或准备工作做得很差。这些问题看起来很简单,所以申请人很快就按他当时想到的原因回答。


面试必胜之秘诀

虽然看起来,好象您在明处,移民官在暗处。移民官可以随便问您问题,而您只能作解答。但事实上,移民官没有多少时间花在您身上,而您却可以把移民政策研究得很透彻,确定自己的目标,然后再准备枪和子弹。预先准备好的资料特别是准备好问题解答就是您的武器。即使您英文不好,您都可以把题目先请人做好,然后再理解,分析和消化,不要死记硬背。建议请一个有加拿大工作经验的人为您把有关题目的答案写好。一般的人,甚至优秀英文老师都不能很好地回答这些问题,因为答案要参照加拿大的标准和习惯。写好答案的文字标准是:
(1)英文用词简单而又符合习惯,所用的词汇应该在最常用的两千字内;(2)结论明确,说理充分,层次分明;(3)适于口语,说起来顺口;(4)所有涉及的话题都应该是预先准备好的。


申请人还要准备好一分自己的简历,写好一份好简历可不是一见容易的事情。一份简历要能在三十秒内让人知道您的教育,资历和工作经验。简历要经常更改,最好要一星期改一次。那么怎样口述简历呢?用于口述的简历在形式上又不一样,因为要在一两分中内说明自己的经历比写一份简历就更难了。不管您做的事情多么高深,您都要能通俗易懂地告诉移民官。一定要请专业人士帮您参考,把关。


有了移民面试材料,在面试前的几个星期突击准备,这对英文不好的人更重要。
怎样把不利因素转化为有利因素?

事物都是一分为二的,极端的东西很少,关键是从哪个角度看。半桶水,可以说是半空的,也可以说成是半满的。一件事,从这个方面看是好的;从另一方面看或许是不好的。

具体应用到面试上,移民官可能会从某个角度认为您的一些条件是不好的,您能不能从另一角度来证明您的那些条件是有用的呢?这样的例子有很多,但每个人的情况都会不同,

最好请人预先准备。限于篇幅,仅举一例。

有一个申请人已四十五岁,以财会经理和信用经理申请加拿大技术移民。面试前他好担心移民官会问他有关年龄的问题,例如:


Officer: You’re 45 years old. Are you going to Canada to take the advantage of the good
welfare
system for senior citizens?

您怎么回答?不要想请给出三个回答。如果您没有准备好这个问题,您可能会想很久。最终可能会以下面的一种方式回答:


Applicant: I don’t think 45 is old.
Applicant: I don’t feel old.
Applicant: I’m still young. I know you have to be 65 to get the full benefit of a senior citizen.
Applicant: I’m very independent.
Applicant: I won’t need the help from others.
Applicant: I won’t take the advantage.

上面这些回答当然是很勉强,下面是更好的回答:

Applicant: 45 is old, bit I think I can still find a job.
Applicant: 45 is not old, I think I can find a job.
Applicant: I will work hard to find a job. I won’t take the advantage.
Applicant: I have enough money to support myself and my family. I don’t think.I will take the
advantage.
Applicant: I think I can still find a good job. I don’t need the support from the government.
Applicant: I know that people in Canada can’t be discriminated by age, sex and country origin.
I think
I can find a job and won’t take the advantage.

以上这些回答还可以,但不是最佳的回答。最好的回答应该是根据自己的条件,职业以及加拿大的实际情况,真实而又令人信服地说服移民官您有能力在加拿大找到一份不错的工作,为加拿大社会做贡献,而不是成为其负担。
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