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The overall employment increase of 30,000 was evenly distributed in both full- and part-time employment.
Employment increased by 19,000 among adult women (25 and over) after little change in both January and February, bringing
gains since July 2000 to 96,000 (+1.7%). Adult women's unemployment rate edged up 0.1 percentage points in March to
5.7%, as employment gains were accompanied by greater labour force participation.
Among adult men, employment was virtually unchanged for the third time in four months. Since July 2000, job gains for adult
men total only 54,000 (+0.8%), about half the rate of growth for adult women over the same period. Despite no change in
employment levels in March, adult men's unemployment rate rose by 0.2 percentage points to 6.1%, as more entered the
labour force looking for work.
Employment among youths (15 to 24) was up slightly (+9,000) in March, after declining substantially in February. Prior to this
recent weakness, job growth had been almost steady since early 1998. In March, the youth unemployment rate edged down to
12.8% (-0.1 percentage points).
ore jobs in the private sector
The estimated number of private sector employees increased by 31,000 in March, offsetting the decline in February and
bringing gains since March 2000 to 345,000 (+3.6%).
The number of self-employed rose by 20,000, the first increase since May 2000. From March 2000 to March 2001, the
number of self-employed has dropped by 155,000 (-6.2%).
Public sector employment fell by 21,000 in March, with no clear trend since September; it is up just 1.5% since March 2000.
Employment gain fuelled by natural resources and construction; manufacturing remained weak
Employment in natural resource industries rose by 11,000; slightly more than half of the gain was in Alberta. Compared with
March 2000, overall employment in natural resource industries was up 17,000, with gains in mining as well as oil and gas
Construction employment also was up 11,000 in March, bringing gains since October 2000 to 40,000. This increase is
consistent with recent strength in building permits and housing starts.
Manufacturing employment was little changed in March after declining by 32,000 over January and February. Prior to these
losses, employment rose by 73,000 over the last five months of 2000. The weakness in manufacturing employment is in line
with the recent levelling off of manufacturing shipments, and is concentrated in transportation equipment.
Health care and social assistance employment saw a slight gain of 12,000 in March. Employment in this industry is up 25,000
from March 2000, with gains mainly in hospitals as well as nursing and residential care facilities.
Employment in information, culture and recreation rose by 18,000 in March, offsetting February's decline. From March 2000
to March 2001, employment in the industry advanced 67,000 (+10.5%); most of the gains were in broadcasting and
telecommunications as well as amusement, gambling and recreation.
Employment in Ontario edged up (+16,000) in March, all in part-time jobs and in service-producing industries. This gain partly
offsets the substantial decline of 38,000 in February, following four years of steady upward growth. Manufacturing employment
continued to decline (-11,000), bringing losses since the start of 2001 to 46,000. An increase in labour force participation
accompanied the slight employment gain in March, and so the unemployment rate remained 6.1%.
In British Columbia employment climbed 22,000, bringing total gains over February and March to 29,000. This offsets
January's decline of 30,000. March's advance was split between full- and part-time jobs, and was concentrated in health care
and social assistance and construction. The unemployment rate fell by 0.7 percentage points to 6.6%.
Although employment was little changed in Quebec, the number of people in search of work increased, pushing the
unemployment rate up 0.3 percentage points to 8.7%. Despite the pause in March, employment in the province is up 43,000
since October 2000.
Employment in New Brunswick declined by 3,000, for a loss of 11,000 over February and March. These recent declines
follow seven months of almost constant growth. In March, the unemployment rate rose 0.7 percentage points to 12.3%.
In Alberta, employment fell by 9,000, all in accommodation and food services and trade. March's loss follows seven
consecutive monthly increases totalling 53,000. The unemployment rate edged up 0.2 percentage points in March to 4.8%.
There was little employment change in other provinces in March.
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