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1885，the Chinese Immigration Act, which stipulated that all Chinese entering Canada must first pay a $50 fee。
This was amended in 1887, 1892,and 1900,with the fee increasing to its maximum of $500 in 1903.
After Jean Chrétien （Right honourable,CC OM PC QC), in the same year, replaced Mulroney as prime minister, the Cabinet openly refused to provide an apology or redress.
Still, the CCNC and its supporters continued to raise the issue whenever they could, including a submission to the United Nations Human Rights Commission and eventually undertaking court action against the Crown-in-Council, arguing that the federal Crown should not be profiting from racism and that it had a responsibility under both the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and international human rights law.
Paul Martin ( Right honourable, PC CC).When Paul Martin was appointed prime minister in 2003, there was a sense of urgency as it became clear that there were perhaps only a few dozen surviving Chinese Head Tax payers left and maybe a few hundred spouses or widows.
In 2004, Doudou Diène, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, concluded that Canada should redress the head tax to Chinese Canadians .
As they had done while campaigning for the federal election in 2004, the New Democratic Party and Bloc Québécois stated, during the leadup to the January 2006 election, their support for an apology and redress for the head tax.
Similarly, on December 8, 2005, Conservative Party leader Stephen Harper released a press statement expressing his support for an apology for the head tax.
On June 22, 2006, Prime Minister Stephen Harper offered an apology and compensation only for the head tax once paid by Chinese immigrants. Survivors or their spouses were paid approximately CAD$20,000 ($22.5 thousand in 2014 dollars) in compensation. There were only an estimated 20 Chinese Canadians who paid the tax still alive in 2006.
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