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  • 工作学习 / 事业工作 / 10 个工作岗位将被人工智能取代,10 个工作岗位不会被人工智能取代。码工会被取代,水管工不会被取代。 10 个工作岗位将被人工智能取代,10 个工作岗位不会被人工智能取代。码工会被取代,水管工不会被取代。 +1

    YES – Tech jobs

    If you need to crunch numbers with accuracy, AI is definitely ready and able to do just that. Companies are asking their own software engineers, coders, developers, and programmers to ramp up the AI and automation systems that will eventually replace them. So, will AI replace computer programmers and software engineers? There’s no question that the technology sector is laser-focused on developing efficiencies and “hacks” to get things done quicker and cheaper. The advances in this field will determine how the sector will evolve, which jobs will become redundant, and which ones will see a surge in demand.

    YES – Media jobs

    Today’s media landscape has been reshaped by technology and innovation over the course of a century, according to TIME. From print to radio, and TV to digital, advertisers, marketers, journalists, and content producers have seen it all. Those who work in the media have quickly adapted, been laid off, or changed careers. Some roles will transform, like that of a news editor to a newsletter editor, while others will be replaced, like proofreaders.

    YES – Telemarketers

    You’ll know a “robocall”if you’ve ever received one from an unknown number with a pre-recorded or computer-generated message. While there are scams to watch out for, some automated calls that are informational rather than sales-oriented are frequently used by the healthcare sector, debt collectors, and charities. As for sales calls, Drips.com, a software company, has been replacing telemarketers with AI since before the pandemic, which has led to an increase in revenue.

    YES – Bookkeepers

    The companies that offer financial software services, like Turbotax and Quickbooks, have already replaced bookkeepers with self-serve and automated options for specific tasks. This is due to digital transformation rather than the use of AI. Even though AI will get the accounting profession up to speedthrough the automation of tasks like invoicing, auditing, and tax research, it won’t yet replace all the functions of a bookkeeper or accountant.

    YES – Paralegals and legal assistants

    The benefits of AI will transform the legal field. Automation is already used to produce contract drafts, cite relevant cases, and anticipate arguments by opposing counsel. These are many of the tasks that legal assistants and paralegals perform. While paralegals race to stay relevant as their roles are being threatened by AI, they will need to put a greater emphasis on their nuanced decision-making and interpersonal skills for job security.

    YES – Finance jobs

    Banks and financial institutions have already begun developing AI technology that gives investment advice. This generative AI, like ChatGPT, can analyze financial data at a rapid rate to deliver financial insights directly to customers. While clerical jobs will be the first to be impacted by AI, it’ll be bank tellers who see the impact of job loss rather than financial analysts and advisers. Financial institutions have already started cutting costs and reducing wait times by understaffing banks and adding more self-serve options to their websites and ATMs.

    YES – Market research analysts

    Many collect and analyze large volumes of information and then draw insights from them. Generative AI systems like ChatGPT and Google’s Bard reduce the time it takes to complete these tasks, which could threaten this particular role. However, while AI excels in data analysis and pattern recognition, market researchers bring intuition and the ability to ask follow-up questions that dig deeper into the data. The future of market research, therefore, lies in leveraging the collaboration between AI and human analysts.

    YES – Receptionists

    Similar to the way some clerical and administrative jobs will be replaced by AI in the finance and retail sectors, the same goes for administrative roles, regardless of the sector. Many offices have replaced the tasks a receptionist would typically take on with an online booking system and self-serve features at a kiosk, on their website, or through an app.

    YES – Graphic designers

    With tools like DALL-E, which lets you create AI-generated art for free, or Canva, a self-serve graphic design platform that also relies on AI, anyone can create beautiful images or marketing materials for their website, social media platforms or emails without collaborating with a skilled designer. Since creative work can’t be automated, those working in graphic communications roles need to get comfortable using AI for repetitive tasks so that they can focus on colour choices, aesthetics, and creating truly engaging experiences.

    YES – Retail sales professionals

    You’ve probably already seen or used the self-checkout aisles that dominate many major grocery store chains, big-box retailers, and pharmacies. Self-checkout aisles were first incorporated by these retailers to reduce labour costs but quickly proved to be no more profitable as they also needed to be staffed. While many retail sales professionals have been replaced by these self-checkout aisles, several retailers may be questioning their decision to opt for machines over people.

    NO – Agricultural equipment operators

    Leading the occupations that won’t get replaced by AI, according to the World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs report, are jobs in agriculture. Agricultural equipment operators will be the most popular AI-proof job in this field as the industry is set to grow by 30% in a short time and lead to an additional 3 million jobs. By supporting food production, habitats, and employment, agriculture is important for building strong economies through trade and will be instrumental in navigating the changes in our environment as a result of climate change.

    NO – AI and machine learning specialists

    It’s no surprise that the adoption of more AI across all industries will lead to more jobs to support and grow the capabilities of this technology. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in the U.S. is seeking artificial intelligence specialists to improve its data collection systems. There are machine learning and AI certificate programs to train more people in this area, and tech companies like IBM are even offering courses in AI learning to support this transformation.

    NO – Transportation services professionals

    One of the fastest-growing sectors in the age of AI is transportation. Heavy truck and bus drivers lead the pack when it comes to jobs that won’t be replaced by AI. A common misconception is that truck drivers will be replaced by AI due to the emergence of autonomous vehicles. Truth is, not only is this sector seeing growth, but it is also seeing the benefits of incorporating AI into its systems and operations. As companies like Amazon and Walmart grow, more products will need to be transported across distances to reach customers in record time.

    NO – Vocational teachers

    Vocational teachers will be at the forefront when it comes to providing value for the future of work. According to the World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs report, there will be growth in this sector, resulting in an additional 3 million roles in education. AI won’t replace teachers, though it will reduce their workload in effective ways. Helping students build soft skills like active listening, leadership, and critical thinking is why educators can support a workforce that will thrive in the digital economy.

    NO – Human resources professionals

    As technology accelerates growth for many industries, it will be the people who are working in these industries who will need the most support as they navigate the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead. AI will certainly transform human resources operations, which helps professionals who support and retain talent in organizations to do so in insightful ways that truly align with the business.

    NO – Political leaders and government officials

    While governments have often been slow to adopt new practices, the more effective use of technology in the public sector can facilitate greater access and assistance to communities in need. And while it’s true that some fields and policy departments have already seen job decline due to generative AI and automation, a growing number of occupations emerge, like those in information technology (IT) and software development. But beyond this technological transformation, the important work of shaping policy and communicating ideas to the general population will remain the responsibility of political leaders and government officials.

    NO – Mental health professionals

    Following the pandemic, it became clear that there was a growing mental health crisis that needed attention, and fast. To help address this need, trained psychiatrists and psychologists have become invaluable to support mental health, well-being, and healing. When AI is used in mental healthcare, clinicians and therapists can rely on technology to diagnose conditions, develop therapies, and even reduce the need for medication in some cases. But their human skills cannot be replaced.

    NO – Medical professionals

    In healthcare, AI and automation can help streamline administration and lead to other advancements in the industry. In fact, it is estimated that the global market of AI in healthcare will grow to US$187.95 billion by 2030. Trained healthcare professionals will rely on AI technology to save lives, prevent diseases, and support wellness—but they will not be replaced by it.

    NO – Skilled trades

    If you need to get a leak in your bathroom fixed, an industrial facility built, or a beautifully designed, solid wood bookshelf constructed, AI is not going to be of any service to you whatsoever. With staffing shortages in the industry, the demand for skilled trades is on the rise. The level of skill, experience, and problem-solving instincts required for skilled tradespeople puts them in a competitive position for the future.

    NO – Digital transformation professionals

    Digital transformation, used to cut costs and improve the overall customer experience, has been around for some time. As more businesses, sectors, and governments make the switch to the digital environment—a movement that was accelerated by the pandemic and the rapid adoption of cloud-based technology—the need for specialists in this space has grown.

    • NO – Skilled trades NO – Skilled trades +1


      If you need to get a leak in your bathroom fixed, an industrial facility built, or a beautifully designed, solid wood bookshelf constructed, AI is not going to be of any service to you whatsoever. With staffing shortages in the industry, the demand for skilled trades is on the rise. The level of skill, experience, and problem-solving instincts required for skilled tradespeople puts them in a competitive position for the future.
      • 都没工作,哪来的钱请水管工?自己干吧 +1
        • 幹不了,大部分人只能住公寓,這個不是他們想幹大樓就讓他麽乾德,物業公司和保險公司會讓他們懷疑人生
        • 然后自己搞砸了,要找人善后。
        • 很难说文章的对错。事实上,人工智能发展到非常高的程度,除了不能取代人生孩子,什么做不到?
    • 捡破烂的不会被取代,要饭的反而会壮大 +6
      • 当农民也行。
        • 农民肯定不行,早几年就开始了农业机械化,饲养场都不怎么用人了,AI对它的冲击也许不那么大(北美)
    • 马工改名,AI 专家,machine learning算法专家。大规模进入各行各业 +1
    • 三天两头水管工,烦不烦?谁家没事就找人通水管?除了出租房容易堵,自家用的,小心不要漏东西下去一般是不会堵上的。以后这些岗位丢失,更多人为了省钱都自己动手,通个水管有那么难么?我们家水管问题一概都是自己搞定的。 +3
      • 人工智能厉害了的时候,微型机器人也应该有了,每家发一个,每天没事儿小机器人就去管道里遛弯儿。 +4
        • 其实不用机器人,只要所有管道重新设计一下,这种问题就很容易就解决了。这种设计是在现实生活中不断改进的。
      • 很多水管工的工作,例如通个水管,youtube 上面一堆手把手的教学,自己就能搞定。除非大的,例如弄个新管道,需要水管工,但那些活,一般人家里能碰上几次? +2
      • 他是调侃水管工…..
        • 我没觉得他是在调侃,你看正文内容就知道。自打掏粪掏出黄金的论调出现,水管工快成揉脸最高尚工作的代名词了。 +1
    • 都是从human being角度来评估的,如果AI已经高度发展,人会沦为AI的助手或者宠物的. 以前罗振宇做过一期关于AI的节目,挺赞同他的观点的. +1
    • 与我的理解一致。直接与人交互(牵涉到人性或人类社会), 直接于实物交互的工作不容易被取代。反之则容易被取代。
      • 银行柜台员/超市收银员,算是直接与人交互的吧,已经在不断的萎缩。工作重复性高,不需要复杂的human intelligence 介入的工种会最先被取代。
        • 超市收银员其实是简单的操作,会部分取代。银行柜台员我觉得不会,牵涉太多的规则,责任等。 标准流程的ATM早已经存在几十年了。
          • 如果你觉得银行柜台员责任重大,那他们使用的电脑系统,更不能交给AI去建立和维护。码工们可以放心啦!
            • 电脑系统维护主要是IT工作, 不是码农, 不容易取代。
              • 啊?你这是要把肉联的码农+码工都搞糊涂了🥴。他们明明都属于IT工作。
                • 名词定义问题, 不重要。 一个写代码为主, 一个系统软硬件维护。 纯写代码的工作容易被取代。
                  • 系统软硬件维护,都离不开码工/码农写代码来实现。真的是隔行如隔山啊。 +1
                    • 前几天公司搬家, 总部派来一个IT负责服务器的搬家,从拆, 运,装一个人都干了。本公司IT部门就是维护电脑系统的正常运转, 没有软件开发的任务。你不能把他们叫做码农, 在本公司就叫IT。
                      • 这种是Help desk, 系统管理员。十年前他们的就业被云计算冲击,需求量大减。系统维护更大的工作量在于软件升级, 就是码农的活。
    • 随着技术发展,水管工的工作量也会大大减少。比如我家忽然收到自来水公司的电话,说水表坏了,要换个新的。约好时间,一个小伙子拿着新水表来了,到地下室呆了两分钟就拿着旧水表上来了,说换好了。我的天,这也太快了吧。 +2
    • 随者AI的发展,机器人的智能化会被提升得更快。大家还记得boston robotics么?刚才搜了搜,现在现在比1-2年前越发牛了。labor工会比程序员消失的更快n倍。 随者AI的发展,机器人的智能化会被提升得更快。大家还记得boston robotics么?刚才搜了搜,现在现在比1-2年前越发牛了。labor工会比程序员消失的更快n倍。 +1
      Atlas Gets a Grip
      It’s time for Atlas to pick up a new set of skills and get hands on. In this video, the humanoid robot manipulates the world around it: Atlas interacts with ...
      • labor工很容易被取代,不过labor工成本低,取代的价值不大。等以后技术发展了,机器人比labor工都便宜的时候,labor工就被大批取代了。
        • 特别是脏的危险的有毒环境的工作,还有高度劳动密集型的被机器取代会比编程更快很多倍。国内不就已经有了很多AI服务员么?机器是不用休息的。前面那个视频里面的机器人还不会说话,以后的机器人就会听懂各种不同语言的指令。
          欧美就可以引进更多语言不好的各国高级人才。机器做他们指令下的很多工作。
          • 同意你的第一句, 但是不同意劳动密集型工作容易取代。不知道你是否在一些劳动密集型的流水线干过, 那些貌似简单的动作其实是高度个性化的, 有时候还非常复杂的。
            • 你自己去查查bostom robics的视频,第一步就是取代流水线上的工作,因为很多都是重复的简单工作。记得卓别林拧螺丝的电影么?现在都成了工业化流水线了。以后AI可以取代更复杂的操作。
              • 说的就是拧螺丝的工作。 说的就是拧螺丝的工作。
                作为一个拧螺丝操作员,有以下基本动作需要完成: 1. 判定部件是否合格(尺寸, 颜色, 喷涂质量, 不同来料批次毛病可能不同)2. 修复调整部件(掰一下, 敲一下,磨一下,或者判断为不合格件退出生产线), 3. 用不同的力量,角度拧上螺丝。 4. 判断是否合格。 郭台铭想要机器代替人工拧螺丝起码20年了, 现在还是人工在拧。那个bostom robic的动作离拧螺丝还差十万八千里。只要进入机器人的领域,其底层还是机电的专业
                • 你这些可不是简单的重复劳动,你这是重复劳动基础上的高一级别的劳动。随者AI的发展,智能化会进一步提高。这些高级别的重复工作被逐步被取代只是一个时间问题。
                  • 我说的就是普通生产线上的工人干的活, 一个正常人稍作培训就可以上岗。
                    就拧螺丝之类的工作来看, 到物理层面, 任何机械机构, 感知部件(sensor)于人的手,眼的灵敏度,感知能力都是不同级别的存在。而这些机械,传感器的发展于2-3十年前进步有限,脱离不了基本的机械,物理原理。 不可能有象生成式AI这样的进步。
                    • 生成式ai 也研究几十年了,最近可以看到大的进步。labor工也一样,慢慢都会被取代
                    • 别说生产线上了,现在修个屋顶,跑过来的都需要会操作无人机, 以后有了AI修屋顶,直接高清摄像机一扫,红外线或者什么线一透视,就找出屋顶漏水的地方在哪里了。如果机器人再一发展,连修屋顶的活都可能给包了。
                      • 说点靠谱的, 不要凭想象。我们都知道“以后”我们会实现可控核聚变,人生存状态就发生翻天覆地的变化。 问题“以后”是什么时候?50 年后?我还知道电影里机器人已经发展到统治世界了。我更愿意谈论的是根据现有已知的科技发展展望比较可靠的可能的未来,而不是科幻。 +1
    • 工农业自动化都大量减少了工作岗位,但人类总体生存质量明显是得到提升的。完全没有必要担心AI抢走人的工作。
    • 再给大家看看我搜索到的这个视频,以后对于这种低技术并有危险性的工作,均会交给机器人去工作。但是对于有更高技术的操作机器人,分析数据并作出正确结论的工种会有越来越多的需求。一句化:知识就是力量。 再给大家看看我搜索到的这个视频,以后对于这种低技术并有危险性的工作,均会交给机器人去工作。但是对于有更高技术的操作机器人,分析数据并作出正确结论的工种会有越来越多的需求。一句化:知识就是力量。
      Spot at Chevron
      公司面临着不断变化的市场需求、监管压力以及来自替代能源的竞争。 对于雪佛龙来说,这意味着利用公司的优势来开发新产品和解决方案,以提高其全球运营的可靠性并降低碳强度。 现代化是应对这些挑战和推动竞争优势的关键组成部分。 雪佛龙通过对移动机器人技术的突破性投资,确立了自己的领导者地位。
      ​​​​​​​
      Companies are facing evolving market demands, regulatory pressures, and competition from alternative energy sources. For Chevron, this means leveraging the c...
    • 我只关心啥时候AI取代家庭医生。不用预约,直接网上诊断。我觉得很容易替代:YES or NO,一路问下去,生成详细报告,发送到某高级中心review一下,最后出医治方案。。。感觉比见刚出道的家庭医生准确有效多了。。。初始阶段,可以自由选择使用。 +1
      • 简单的咳嗽感冒可以这么干。但是万一你的确有一些危及生命的病,只是显示初始症状,只有有经验的老专家能分析和判断,AI未必能诊断出来,你敢用AI么?
        • 问题就是这个经验,经过数据化,AI能快速积攒无数老专家穷其一生的经验。如果AI诊断不出来,一个老专家就行吗?我觉得面对Al的冲击,家医比码工还危险。 +5
          • 正是!这就是我的所想到的。。。但估计医疗战线会百般阻挠。。。但加拿大没有家医的人太多了,希望这窘况能起推动作用。 +2
          • 和 (#15983613@0) 里面说的一样,AI不会替代医生,护士,老师,药剂师,还有律师,但是AI会替代不会用AI的这些职位上的专业人员。
        • 危及生命的病,不是直接去医院急诊吗?AI时代,希望取消家医,扩建医院…… +3
          • 对,医院需要扩建,AI进入医疗行业后,有限的资源应该从家医向医院倾斜。 +2
          • 在那些病发病的初期,需要有经验的医生从点点滴滴中看出端倪。如果到了自己发觉不对自己去医院,那不是已经太晚了么?
      • 很快,说不定AI第一个大规模取代人类的例子
      • 家医就是knowledge 和experience based profession。确实很容易被取代。做手术的医生可能还好。在可见的未来,护士最不容易被取代。 +4
    • 點個贊,這個顯然易見的道理如果都不懂,明顯是白讀書了。秦始皇,埃及法老時代建築工地其實根本沒有幾十萬人,幾百人算多的了,無他,交通和糧食根本支撐不了,可今天的建築工地還是幾百人,規模小很多,説明啥? +2
      說自己是魔都人,卻一輩子沒有去過外灘的自然博物館,靠平權進的IT公司做最低端的校對測試,PEFORMANCE永遠是零蛋,卻對機器人情有獨鍾,簡直笑死人,工資太低,買不起掃地機器人還是吃不起胡蘿蔔?
      • 我每次看到这类的影片,都要感慨,如果把健身club消耗的体力转化,是不是也够建一个什么大的建筑了。 +2
    • 其实很多低收入的重复工作不一定被AI替代,因为用AI的费用也许更高呢。我的理想未来世界就是脏,累,复杂,危险,压力大的由机器人做,我们普通人就做简单重复不费脑的工作,比闲待着更健康。当然精英继续深入研究。 +2
      • 國内20多年前就進口機器人通下水道,因爲民工糊弄領導,只疏通口子,不深入細緻幹活,但很快發現,一臺機器的保養費可以供養足夠把下水道通100遍地民工,所以就把機器人報廢處理,你看,國外是不是也一樣,市政工人最悠閑 +2
        • 我就是这个意思! 我就是这个意思! +2
          话说前年我家从门口入户的电线断了,10几个小时后来了三个人,一个只在车里候着,一个开着小型挖掘机挖沟,还有一个小伙子来给换新线。这个小伙真笨,要再挖开人行道和树木;还是那个看似多余的候着的人,让他把新线绑到旧线上轻松换了。我的理想工作就是那个候着的人做的。。
    • 人工智能会证明数学题不?能解决哥德巴赫猜想不?
    • 后面十个No基本上都会被取代,作者也不太前沿
      • 作者是不懂技术的文科生,凭想象瞎猜而已。