xiaoke
(小珂)

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发布: 2018年8月23日 |来源: 大中报 南茜(Nancy Jin)http://chinesenewsgroup.com/news/665133

如果一名中国小学生不能在10分钟内通过这项基本算术技能测试并获得满分，那他/她的数学算是白学了，也根本别想拿到小学毕业证书。但你想不到吧！有三分之一的安省“准”数学教师们在这项小学6-7年级的策测试中拿不到可怜的70分！安省数学教师教育水准如此低劣吗！

If any elementary school student couldn’t nail the test on numeracy basics within 10 minutes, they would not be able to graduate from China’s elementary school. However, only about one-third of Ontario teacher candidates scored at or below 70 percent on the Grade 6- and 7-level math test, a shocking reality faced by Ontario math education system.

数学可是基础学科，数学教育对学生的未来起着举足轻重的作用。不管你是要从事科研领域研究还是就职于技能或服务行业，没有数学技能你寸步难行。但安省学生们多年来数学技能吃紧。尽管安省政府额外拨款$6000万提高数学教学质量，安省学生数学测试成绩一路下滑。2017年一半的6年级学生在EQAO测试中败北，只有28%的9年级应用数学类学生在测试中达标！而安省数学教师们本身差得惊人的数学技能是导致这一灾难的主要罪魁之一！

Math is fundamental training and essential for students’ future success -- regardless of whether they pursue a STEM career or work in the trade and service industries. However, Ontario students have faced years of math crisis. Despite $60 million increased funding for math education from the province, Ontario math test results continue to decline, with half of the Gr6 students failing EQAO test in 2017, and only 28 percent of G9 students in applied math meeting the standards. One of the root causes of the problem lies with the Ontario teachers’ shockingly weak math skills.

教师必须在所教专业领域中拥有相当的知识和技能水准。中国话说的好，要给学生一碗水，老师必须有一桶水。中国10年浩劫给教育界带来巨大灾难，文革后教育系统体无完肤，出现严重师资空白，而师资短缺现象成为举国上下之忧，教育界之首患。在那师资困乏的年代里，大量缺乏专业知识和技能的“教师们”被迫推上讲台而误人子弟，让那些渴求知识和技能的学生们叫苦连天，噩梦连连。

Teachers must have significant expertise in the subject they teach. To give students a glass of water, the teacher must have a bucket of water, says old Chinese idiom. Issues about teachers’ qualifications rose to the top of the national agenda and gained profound importance after a decade-long Cultural Revolution in China depleted the education resources. Many elementary or high school teachers lacked basic knowledge or skills in their teaching field at the time, creating education nightmare that traumatized many students desiring for knowledge and skills.

但不可思议的是，在以教育质量享誉全球的安省也同样面临着严重的合格数学教师短缺的现象。安省教育界的一份研究揭露了安省数学教师资匮乏之严酷现实。据安省大学教授的一份报告称，安省83%的3年级老师和80%的6年级数学教师没有数学系大学文凭。

However, it is incredible to find that Canada, a country known for its best education system in the world is also grappling with severe shortages of qualified math teachers. Research by Ontario educators has painted a shockingly dark picture over math teachers’ qualifications in the province. A report by Ontario college professors has found that 83 percent of Gr 3 teachers and 80 percent of Gr 6 teachers have no postsecondary background in mathematics.

更让人大跌眼镜的是，许多安省数学教师竟然不会做乘法和除法，甚至被简单的小学算术题目逼迫到哭！安省多大教育系的一名教授称：“他们连余数是什么都不知道。很多人以为余数为3就是0.3!”

More shockingly, many math teachers in Ontario don’t know how to multiply or divide, and questions on grade-school math would leave them in tears. “They have no idea what a ‘remainder’ is. They think a remainder of 3 is the same as decimal 3,“ said an OISE professor in 2016 in a research project on Ontario school’s math skills.

那项给“准数学教师“的6-7年级测试题目大都围绕着非常基本的数学技能，比如将百分比转换为分数，以整数乘以小数等。以如此之高的不及格比率，你怎能想象他们能有中国数学老师的水平向学生教授正弦和余弦曲线、三角反三角以及麦当来的金色拱门等复杂的数学问题呢！难怪一些安省教师会逃避难题而竟然提议称将简单的三角棱柱表面积和体积的计算方法剔除6年级数学大纲！

The questions in the Grade 6- and 7-level math test administered to new math teacher candidates focused on basic level math skills such as converting a percentage into a fraction and multiplying a decimal number by a whole number. With the stunningly high failure rate on such a test, we can’t expect them to be able to teach more complicated math subject such as sine and cosine curves, trigonometry and McDonald's Golden Arches as their Chinese counterparts do. It is unsurprising that some Ontario teachers want to seek the easy route by suggesting the formula of surface area and volume of a triangular prism to be removed from Grade 6 math courses.

在上海学校不断培养出横扫国际数学比赛之奖牌的数学尖子的同时，安省的学生们却和他们的数学老师一起对着简单的数学基础问题抓耳挠腮，不知所措。对我们这些冲着加国著名的教育水准而奔赴加国的移民们来说，安省的数学危机和低劣的数学教育水平实在是太令人失望了！

While classrooms in Shanghai continue to churn out math geniuses who have swept top prizes in international math competitions, Ontario students are struggling with math fundamentals, pulling their hair out to solve trivia math questions -- along with their teachers. It is a sad reality that those drawn to Canada by its quality education system are let down by the math crisis and the poor quality of math teaching in the country.

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2018-8-24

2018-8-24

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