How neural systems work is still a big mystery to humans. Not necessarily about human brains, but even of some very "simple" beings, the way how they control their bodies is unbelievably sophisticated.
I watched an IMAX movie about flying. Some small insects, for example, the flies, are able to fly in the most technical and difficult way. (Do you think you can hit a fly with your hands? :) ) Fanning its wings is already a difficult skill--think about the aspects like the frequency of the fanning, the super low noise, and the super high energy efficiency. And all these things don't even need a brain--afterall, a fly doesn't have a brain, does it?
Really look forward to the progress of the DARPA project!
Thanks for sharing the news. :)